12 january 2017, 20:01
The gold congressional Medal of Gratitude from Congress
George Вашингтон1 eng. George Washington February 22 1732 23 Bridges Creek colony of Virginia December 14, 1799 mount Vernon Virginia American statesman, the first President of the United States of America 17891797 the founding Father of the US commander-in-chief of the Continental army member of the war for independence, the Creator of the American presidency.
Born in the family of landowner. He was educated at home was fond of reading books. At the age of 11 lost her father. He worked as a surveyor, he participated in expeditions for Lord Fairfax eng.
industry. In 1752 inherited the estate of mount Vernon in the same year joined the militia participated in the military actions against the French and Indians had been in captivity. In 1758, he retired with the rank of Colonel. In 1759, Washington married Martha Dandridge Custis and actively engaged in the improvement of his estate became one of the wealthiest planters of Virginia.
In 17581774 years Washington was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Virginia which fought with the mother country for the rights of the colonies, condemning the less violent actions. Was one of the delegates of the First continental Congress.
After clashes with Britain refused attempts at reconciliation were dressed in military uniform and was unanimously elected commander-in-chief of the Continental army. Reorganizing the troops, he directed their actions from the siege of Boston in 1776 to the surrender of British troops at Yorktown in 1781. In November 1783, after the conclusion of the Treaty of Paris, resigned and retired to the estate of mount Vernon.
Dissatisfied with the articles of Confederation, Washington was elected Chairman of the constitutional Convention developed in 1787 the Constitution of the United States. In 1789 George Washington was unanimously elected the first President of the United States. In 1792 he was re-elected for a second term.
As the head of state has strengthened the Union to implement the principles of the Constitution and construction of the capital of the United States. Was involved in the formation of the Central authorities and system of governance created the precedents of the institution of the presidency encouraged the development of the economy. Maintained cordial relations with Congress. In 1794, crushed the first in US history, the uprising against the government. In the foreign policy of avoiding interference in the Affairs of European States. Refused to run for the presidency a third time.
Before leaving, addressed the nation with a farewell message.
After leaving the presidency, Washington retired to mount Vernon often visited the capital. Congress gave Washington the title of Father of the Fatherland. During the deterioration of relations with France in the summer of 1798, Washington.
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