04 january 2017, 01:23

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CA eng. California is a state located in the Western United States on the Pacific Ocean. California the most populous and third largest state in the United States. The name California was taken from the novel of the XVI century adventure Esplandian Las sergas de Espladián author garcía rodríguez de Montalvo, where the so-called island Paradise. The first Europeans who explored these shores was Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo in 1542 and sir Francis Drake in 1579 until the 1730s California as an island. Since the end of 1700 years of the Spanish missionaries built small settlements in the vast tracts of land on the empty lands North of Baja California, Baja California.

After the independence of Mexico, the entire chain of mission settlements were declared the property of the Mexican government and they were abandoned. California was named the North-Western part of the Spanish Empire in North America. After the Mexican-American war of 1847, the region was divided between Mexico and the United States. The American part of the Upper California became the 31st US state in 1850 After the discovery of gold in 1848 started the so-called gold rush. At this time the population of California is growing dramatically. At the same time proclaimed the California Republic, the existence of which quickly ended after the Commodore of the Navy of the United States, Sloat landed in the San Francisco Bay and declared this territory belonging to the United States.

In 1850, California was admitted to the Union of States. During the Civil war, California officially supported the North. But the population was divided in their preferences and the forces of California volunteers fought on both sides. The completion of the first transcontinental railroad in the 1870-ies have led to the explosive growth of the population. Immigrants like the climate perfectly suitable for living and farming. By 1950, California became the most populous state in the U.

S. what it is today. California is governed as a Republic. Has three branches the Executive legislative and judicial branches. The Executive power of a state Governor and other elected officials. The current Governor of California, Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Vice-Governor Cruz Bustamante. Legislative authority is vested in a Senate of 40 senators and 80 Assembly members. The main law is the Constitution of California California is one of the longest legal documents in the world. Its volume more than 10 000 pages. The judicial branch represents the California Supreme Court and courts of lower level. The state capital of Sacramento.

Before the capital was Monterey 17751849 San Jose 18491851 Valaho 18521853 18531854 Benicia and San Francisco.

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